AGAIN FROM CONCERNED SCHOLARS IN JAPAN
OPPOSING US AND BRITAIN'S ATTACK ON IRAQ
1. We urge United States and Britain to stop the military operation against
Iraq immediately and return to the Security Council of the United Nations
to find the peaceful solution.
From all aspects of the affairs, the Charter of the United Nations and
related international laws cannot legitimate this attack. Despite United
States' claim of the self-defense right, Iraqi threat is not well-founded
so as to acquire an international consensus over it. The chief UN weapon
inspector, Mr. Blix reported on March 7 that the inspection has proceeded
despite all limitations and needs a few months more before its completion.
Even if suspected weapons of mass-destruction remain in Iraq still, their
abolition should be pursued through a stepped-up inspection.
In the meantime United States added the dethroning of Hussein
to her objectives. However, the military action aiming an overthrow
of government clearly violates the 2nd Article 4th Clause of the
UN Charter. We believe that criticism and resistance of the people
are the most effective and ever-lasting ways to oppose the repressive
dictatorship such as Hussein's in Iraq.
After resigning to pursue a fresh resolution at the UN Security
Council, US maintains that the UNSC Resolution 1441 provides the
mandate for the Iraq attack. However, Resolution 1441 prescribes
that the UNSC decides the Iraqi's abolition of the weapons on the
grounds of the UN Inspection Mission. It does not entrust one nation
to attack Iraq on an arbitrary decision.
In case such a military action is permitted in the world,
international order will decay into a state of lawlessness, where
power dominates reason, full of military attacks and overthrows of
In case the UN admits such an arbitrary action of US and
Britain, the mission of the UN is spoiled and its contribution to
the world peace comes to an end. We ask the UN to keep its position
firmly on the base of the mutual understanding of all nations of
2. We protest against all inhumanities during the war and demand the prohibition
of nuclear weapons and other large-scale destructive weapons.
We are concerned deeply about the use of the newest and large-scale
weapons that supersede those used in the Afghan War in this Iraqi attack.
It's really ridiculous that a war aiming the abolition of mass-destructive
weapons is performed by using similar, even more destructive weapons.
This war brings tragic deaths and injuries, famine, and environmental
disaster to Iraq. Such American-led violence will only intensify
hatred and inspire terror all over the world.
We demand the UN to monitor the use of mass-destructive weapons
and other inhumanities during the war and accuse responsible persons/organizations
Now, the glass-root protest against the military actions
is growing day by day in the whole world. This protest emerges from
the fear and anger against the war as well as against the repressive dictatorship
such as Hussein's in Iraq. We, the signers of the statement, would like
to stand with those in this world-wide wave of the protesting people.
3. We strongly protest the Japanese Government against her supporting attitude
for the US's military action. We urge the Government to stop immediately
any actions that may be related to the war.(3) Most Japanese people wish
for a peaceful solution to this conflict.
The support for US's attack violates also the Constitution
of Japan that renounces the war as the "means of settling international
disputes". Japanese government, so far backing the US-Britain-Spain
proposal in the UN Security Council, immediately declared her support of
the US, saying the US's military action is legitimated by the 1441 and
other Resolutions. But this decision of the government has been never discussed
in the Diet, to say nothing of the approval. This offends the principle
of parliament democracy.
Therefore, we urge the Japanese government to stop any actions
that support the war, including the operations of Aegis vessels on the
Indian Ocean, and to refrain from any sharing of the war expenses by the
March 19, 2003
We are the group of researchers of social sciences and humanities in Japan
that published the following Anti-War opinion on THE ASAHI SHIMBUN,
February 27, and the MAINICHI SHIMBUN, March 4, with the names of 1,473
signers and other anonymous donators.
We hope you understand our wish for the peace.
Anti-War opinion on February 27, 2003
|AKAMA Michio (Ehime Univ.)
|FUKAMACHI Ikuya (Kyushu Univ., em.)
|FUKUDOME Hisao (Kyushu Univ.)
|IIDA Hiroyasu (Teikyo Univ.)
|IMURA Kiyoko* (Keio Univ., em.)
|ISHII Kanji (Tokyo Keizai Univ.)
|ITOH Masanao (Univ. of Tokyo)
|KITAHARA Isamu (Keio Univ., em.)
|KOBAYASHI Noboru (Rikkyo Univ., em.)
|MIYAMOTO Ken-ichi (Osaka City Univ., em.)
|MIZUTA Hiroshi (Nagoya Univ., em.)
|MORI Hideki (Nagoya Univ.)
|MORIOKA Koji (Kansai Univ.)
|NAKATANI Takeshi (Kobe Univ.)
|NISHIKAWA Masao (Senshu Univ.)
|OHUCHI Tsutomu (University of Tokyo, em.)
|OKADA Susumu (Tokyo Univ. of Foreign Studies, em.)
|OTANI Teinosuke (Hosei Univ.)
|SHIBAGAKI Kazuo (Musashi Univ.)
|TAIRAKO Tomonaga (Hitotsubashi Univ.)
|TASHIRO Yoichi (Yokohama National Univ.)
|TSURUTA Mitsuhiko (Chuo Univ.)
|UEHARA Nobuhiro (Shizuoka Univ., em.)
|YAGI Kiichiro (Kyoto Univ.)
|YOSHIHARA Taisuke (Fukushima Univ.)